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Types of Insurance

In life, any unexpected situation can disrupt your family’s well-being. For such scenarios, different types of life, health and general insurance policies are available in India that offer comprehensive financial protection to your loved ones and yourself. At the same time, you can opt for an insurance cover to protect your assets and property. However, before purchasing an insurance policy, it is imperative to understand the different types of insurance policies and then choose the ones that align with your needs.

Insurance Types You Should Know
Insurance is a legal agreement between an individual and the insurance company, under which, the insurer promises to provide financial coverage (Sum assured) against contingencies for an amount (premium). The types of insurance in India can be broadly divided into two categories:

General Insurance

Life Insurance

Different Types of Insurance Policies Available in India
Following are the types of insurance available in India:

1. General Insurance

Following are some of the types of general insurance available in India:

  • Health Insurance
  • Motor Insurance
  • Home Insurance
  • Fire Insurance
  • Travel Insurance

2. Life Insurance

There are various types of life insurance. Following are the most common types of life insurance plans available in India:

  • Term Life Insurance
  • Whole Life Insurance
  • Endowment Plans
  • Unit-Linked Insurance Plans
  • Child Plans
  • Pension Plans

Let us look closely at the different types of insurance policies:

General Insurance
General insurance policies are one of the types of insurance that offer coverage in the form of sum assured against the losses incurred other than the death of the policyholder. Overall, general insurance comprises different types of insurance policy that offer financial protection against losses incurred due to liabilities such as bike, car, home, health, and similar. These various general insurance types of insurance policies include:

Health Insurance
Health insurances are types of insurance policy that covers the expenses incurred due to medical care. Health insurance plans either pay or reimburse the amount paid towards the treatment of any illness or injury. Different types of insurance policy cover varied medical care expenses.

It usually offers protection against:

a) Hospitalization

b) Treatment of critical illnesses

c) Medical bills post hospitalization

d) Daycare procedures

There are a few types of health insurance plans also cover the cost of resident treatment and pre-hospitalization expenses. Rising costs of healthcare in India Is making health insurance a necessity. Different types of health insurance plans available in India include:
1) Individual Health Insurance: Offers coverage to only an individual

2) Family Floater Insurance: Allows your entire family to get coverage under a single plan, which usually covers husband, wife, two children

3) Critical Illness Cover: Specialized types of health insurance that offers coverage against various life-threatening illnesses like stroke, heart attack, kidney failure, cancer, and similar others. Policyholders get a lump sum amount on diagnosis of a critical illness.

4) Senior Citizen Health Insurance: These types of insurance plans cater to all individuals above 60 years of age

5) Group Health Insurance: Offered by an employer to its employee

6) Maternity Health Insurance: This insurance type covers medical expenses for prenatal, post-natal, and delivery stage, offering protection to both the mother and the newborn

7) Personal Accident Insurance: These types of insurance plans cover financial liabilities arising due to accidental injuries, disability, or death

Motor Insurance
Motor insurances are types of insurance that offer financial assistance in case your bike or car get involved in an accident. Various types of Motor insurance policies in India include:

1) Car Insurance: Individually owned four-wheelers are covered under this plan. The car insurance types include- third-party insurance and comprehensive cover policies.
2) Bike Insurance: These are types of motor insurance where individually owned two-wheelers are covered against accidents

3) Commercial Vehicle Insurance: This is one of the insurance types, which offers coverage to any vehicle used for commercial purposes

Home Insurance
As the name suggests, a home insurance policy offers comprehensive protection to the contents and structure of your house against any physical destruction or damage. In other words, this insurance type will provide coverage against any natural and human-made calamity, such as fire, earthquake, tornado, burglaries, and robbery.

Different types of home insurance policies include:

1) Home Structure/Building Insurance – Protects the structure of the house against damage during any calamity

2) Public Liability Coverage – Provides coverage against any damage to a guest or third-party on the insured residential property

3) Standard Fire and Special Perils Policy – Coverage against damages caused due to fire outbreaks, natural calamities (e.g., landslides, rockslides, earthquakes, storms, and floods), and anti-social human-made activities (e.g., explosions, strikes, and riots)

4) Personal Accident – Provides financial coverage to you and your family against any kind of permanent dismemberment or sudden demise to the insured individual, anywhere around the world

5) Burglary and Theft Insurance – Provides compensation for stolen goods in case of a burglary or theft

6) Contents Insurance – Provides compensation for loss of furniture, vehicles, and other appliances in case of a fire, theft, flood, or riots

7) Tenants’ Insurance – Provides financial protection to you (as a tenant) against any loss of personal property living in a rented house

8) Landlords’ insurance – Provides coverage to you (as a landlord) against contingencies such as public liability and loss of rent

Fire Insurance
Fire insurance policies are different types of insurance coverages that compensate any losses incurred due to a fire breakout with a sum assured. These types of insurance policy usually provide a significant amount of coverage to help both individuals and companies to reopen their places after incurring extensive damage due to fire. These insurance types cover war risk, turmoil, riots losses as well.

Different types of fire insurance in India are –

1) Valued policy

2) Specific Policy

3) Floating Policy

4) Consequential Policy

5) Replacement Policy

6) Comprehensive Fire insurance policy

Travel Insurance
As the name suggests, travel insurance is a type of insurance policy, providing financial protection for you and your loved ones while you are visiting any place in India or abroad. Whether you are travelling solo or with your loved ones, the travel insurance coverage will help ensure that you have a peaceful journey.

The travel insurance policy coverage takes care of any issues that you may face during your trip such as loss of baggage, flight cancellations, loss of passport, personal and medical emergencies. Different types of travel insurance policies include:

1) Domestic Travel Insurance: Within the country

2) International Travel Insurance: For any trips or vacations outside of India

3) Individual Travel Insurance: If you are travelling alone

4) Student Travel Insurance: If you are going abroad for further studies

5) Senior Citizen Travel Insurance: For senior citizens, ageing between 60 to 70 years

6) Family Travel Insurance: For any family vacations

Life Insurance
Life insurance plans offer coverage against unfortunate events like death or disability of the policyholder. Besides financial protection, there are various types of life insurance policies that allow the policyholders to maximize their savings through regular contributions into different equity and debt fund options.

You can choose a life insurance policy to secure your family’s financial future against life’s uncertainties. The policy coverage comprises of a large amount, which is payable to your loved ones if anything happens to you. With this insurance type, you have the flexibility to choose the life insurance policy period, coverage amount, and payout option based on the financial requirements. Different types of life insurance policy are as follows:

•Term Life Insurance
•Whole Life Insurance
•Endowment Plans
•Unit-Linked Insurance Plans
•Child Plans
•Pension Plans

Term Life Insurance Plans
Term insurance is the purest and most affordable among the types of insurance policy in which, you can opt for a high life cover for a specific period. You can secure your family’s financial future with a term life insurance plan by paying a low premium (term insurance plans generally do not have any maturity value, and thus, offer lower rates of premium than other life insurance products.)
If anything happens to you within the policy period, your loved ones would receive the agreed Sum Assured as per the payout option chosen (some term insurance types offer multiple payout options as well)
Whole Life Insurance Plans
Whole life insurance plans, also known as ‘traditional’ life insurance plans, provide coverage for the entire life of the insured individual, as opposed to any other life insurance instrument that offers coverage for a specific number of years.
While a whole life insurance plan offers to pay a death benefit, the plan also contains a savings component, which helps accrue a cash value throughout the policy term. The maturity age for whole life insurance policy is 100 years. In case, the insured individual lives past the maturity age, the whole life plan will become matured endowment.
types of insurance policy in India Max Life Insurance

Endowment Plans
Endowment plans essentially provide financial coverage to the policyholder against life’s uncertainties, while allowing them to save regularly over a certain period. Upon maturity of the endowment plan, the policyholder receives a lump sum amount if he or she survives the policy term.

If anything happens to you (as Life Insured), the life insurance endowment policy pays the complete Sum Assured to your family (beneficiaries)

Unit-Linked Insurance Plan (ULIP)
Unit Linked Insurance Plans are types of insurance policy that offer both investment and insurance benefits under a single policy contract. A portion of the premium that you pay towards a Unit Linked Insurance Plan is allocated to a variety of market-linked equity and debt instruments.

The remaining premium contributes towards providing the life cover throughout the policy tenure. In this investment-cum-insurance type product, you have the flexibility to choose the allocation of premium into different instruments as per your financial requirements and market risk appetite.

Child Plans
Child plans are types of insurance policy that helps you financially secure your child’s life goals such as higher education and marriage, even in your absence. In other words, child plans offer a combination of savings and insurance benefits that aid you in the financial planning for your child’s future needs at the right age.

The sum of money received on Maturity under this insurance type can be used to fulfill the financial requirements of your child.

Pension Plans
Pension plan, also known as retirement plan, is a type of investment plan that aids you in accumulating a portion of your savings over an extended period.

Essentially, a pension plan helps you deal with financial uncertainties post-retirement, by ensuring that you continue to receive a steady flow of income even after your working years are over.

In other words, a pension plan can be a type of insurance in India that allows you to create a financial cushion for your life post-retirement, in which you contribute a specific amount of money regularly until your retirement. Subsequently, the accumulated amount is given back to you as annuity or pension at regular intervals.

With Max Life Insurance, you can find comprehensive plans such as Max Life Smart Wealth Plan or Max Life Smart Secure Plus Plan to fulfill your particular investment goals and keep your loved ones financially secure.

Tax Benefits of Various Types of Insurance in India

Amount paid toward premium for different types of life insurance plans is tax-deductible
1. Under Section 80C of income tax 1981, the premium payable towards all types of life insurance plans is tax-deductible up to Rs 1.5 lakh
2. Under Section 80D of income tax 1981, the premium payable towards all types of health insurance plans is tax-deductible, subject to a maximum of Rs 25,000 for self, wife and children and additional 25,000 for parents having age below 60 years (the tax savings can go up to Rs 50,000 for senior citizens individual and 50000 if parents are senior citizens. Total deduction can go upto 1Lakh)

types of insurance policy in India Max Life Insurance
Factors Defining Your Life Insurance Coverage
Although Life insurance coverage and its premiums depend upon various factors, but some important ones are:

1. Age of the policyholder

2. Health conditions – both current and history

3. Occupation

4. Smoking and drinking habits

5. Type of insurance policy

6. Claim history

7. Location

Image credit: created by pch.vector

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